Socio-Economics History Blog

Socio-Economics & History Commentary

Collapse of the European Integration ‘Is On The Cards’ – Professor

  • Collapse of the European Integration ‘Is On The Cards’ – Professor
    by https://sputniknews.com/
    With 2019 beginning and the EU as fractured as ever, increasing scrutiny has been placed by leading economists on the bloc’s single currency the EU. Which they argue has caused more harm than good.

    Sputnik spoke with Stavros Mavroudeas, Professor of Political Economy at the University of Macedonia for more insight on the issue.

    Sputnik: Is the Euro a failed project?
    Stavros Mavroudeas: I think the Euro overall is a problematic project. It’s not a success story; it’s actually proving to be a story of a failure. The Euro is a part of the European integration project, and this in my opinion is an imperialist project.


    Imperialism meaning; at least in Marxism, that a country or bloc of countries exploits other countries economically. The European integration was inaugurated the Second World War under the auspices of the US, with the aim of securing economically and politically Western Europe, from the Soviet threat.

    It changed radically after the nineteen seventy three global capitalist crisis; because by then the US supremacy faltered, and there was another time after nineteen eighty nine, when the Soviet bloc collapsed.

    By then the European integration acquired greater independence from the US and even aspired to dethrone it, as the new economic capitalist superpower of the world.

    The former European Monetary Union is the necessary evolution of this course of European integration, because after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, particularly its exchange rates system; that was based on the dollar and was a system of fixed exchange rates.

    Once this system collapsed; and it did so because of the US under the Nixon administration withdrew from that system and acted unilaterally, then the European integration needed a currency for its common market. They moved towards creating ultimately, after several previous failed attempts in creating the European Monetary Union, that is the Euro.

    Sputnik: Would the collapse of the Euro mean the collapse of the EU?
    Stavros Mavroudeas:
    I think that the possibility of either a collapse or a fragmentation of the European Integration and its monetary union is on the cards.


    read more.

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January 10, 2019 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on Collapse of the European Integration ‘Is On The Cards’ – Professor

Ted Malloch: Rome Burned and Nero Lost His Empire – What Will Happen to Europe this Century?

  • Ted Malloch: Rome Burned and Nero Lost His Empire – What Will Happen to Europe this Century?
    by Ted Malloch, https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/
    You have doubtless heard the well-worn euphemism, Rome’s emperor at the time, the decadent and unpopular Nero, “fiddled while Rome burned.” The expression of course has a double meaning: Not only did Nero stroke his violin making music while his people suffered, but he was an ineffectual leader in a time of deepening crisis.

    Europe is burning again, today.
    Literally and figuratively. In France, the “yellow jackets” have set Paris a blaze and stopped traffic flowing all over the country to protest fuel price increases and the globalist nonsense of their petite failed emperor, President, Emmanuel Macron.


    In Germany, now leaderless, the ruling Christian Democrats are forlorn after the complete debacle of Angela Merkel’s self-imposed, immigration nightmare. Italy is nearly bankrupt, with bridges collapsing, and looking to free itself from the shackles of the Euro and the EU. In Britain, the line is all about Brexit, i.e., leaving Europe, before it crumbles under the dead weight of the statist dictatorial Brussels bureaucracy. All over the continent we witness, perhaps the greatest crisis since WWII.

    And the violin is playing. It is in reality a triple threat: effecting politics, economics and culture across Europe today. Politically, Europeans can’t make up their mind.

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December 10, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Ted Malloch: Rome Burned and Nero Lost His Empire – What Will Happen to Europe this Century?

Macron Heralds The End Of The European Union

  • Macron Heralds The End Of The European Union
    by , https://www.theautomaticearth.com/
    The concept of the EU might have worked, but still only might have, if a neverending economic boom could have been manufactured to guide it on its way. But there was never going to be such a boom. Or perhaps if the spoils that were available in boom times and bust had been spread out among nations rich and poor and citizens rich and poor a little more equally, that concept might still have carried the days.

    Then again, its demise was obvious from well before the Union was ever signed into existence, in the philosophies, deliberations and meetings that paved its way in the era after a second world war in two score years fought largely on the European continent.

    The main fault of the EU is that the biggest party at the table always in the end, when things get serious, gets its way. The 80 million or so people of Germany de facto rule the 500 million of the Union, or you know, the three handfuls that rule Germany. No important decision can or will ever be taken that Berlin does not agree with. Angela Merkel has been the CEO of Europe Inc. since November 22 2005, gathering more power as time went by. That was never going to work unless she made everyone richer. Ask the Greeks about that one.

    Merkel was the leader of both Germany and of Europe, and when things got precarious, she chose to let German interests prevail above Italian or Greek ones. That’s the fundamental flaw and failure of the Union in a nutshell. All other things, the Greek crisis, Salvini, Macron, Brexit, are mere consequences of that flaw. In absence of a forever economic boom, there is nothing left to fall back on.

    And with Macron gone or going, France can’t be counted on to support Brussels either. So what is left, quo vadis Europa? Well, there’s the European elections. In which national parties, often as members of a ‘voting alliance’, pick their prospective candidates for the European Parliament, then become part of a larger European alliance, and finally often of an even larger alliance. You guessed right, turnout numbers for European elections are very very low.

    The Union appears fatally wounded, and that’s even before the next financial crisis has materialized. Speaking of which, the Fed has been hiking rates and can lower them again a little if it wants, but much of Europe ‘works’ on negative rates already. That next crisis could be a doozy.

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December 10, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on Macron Heralds The End Of The European Union

END of EU? Brussels in ‘Vulnerable’ Position and THIS ‘Could Prove Fatal’ Predicts Expert

  • END of EU? Brussels in ‘Vulnerable’ Position and THIS ‘Could Prove Fatal’ Predicts Expert
    by AURORA BOSOTTI, https://www.express.co.uk/
    THE European Union could soon face collapse because of the “weak and vulnerable” position the volatility of the euro and clashes with member states have created, European affairs expert Ian Kearns claimed.

    Mr Kearns suggested a new financial crisis taking a direct hit at the ‘s common currency, the , could result in the destruction of the bloc. The European affairs expert warned Brussels a lack of reform of the mechanism regulating the  could worsen the risk factors threatening the EU. While unable to pinpoint a precise date for the end of the European Union, he suggested the “weak and vulnerable” position the bloc is currently in has transformed it in a “sitting duck.”

    Speaking exclusively to Express.co.uk, Mr Kearns said: “The EU is in a weak and vulnerable state.  If there were, for example, a new financial crisis which lots of people are speculating might be on the horizon I think that would be enough to destroy the single currency.

    “Does that happen in the next six months? Does it happen three years from now? Five years from now? I don’t know but my analysis would be, if the European Union is in its current state, and its arrangements for managing the eurozone are in their current state and the financial crisis happens, the single currency wouldn’t survive it.”

    read more.

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December 10, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on END of EU? Brussels in ‘Vulnerable’ Position and THIS ‘Could Prove Fatal’ Predicts Expert

Italy May Be A Bigger Test For The EU Than Brexit Is

  • Italy May Be A Bigger Test For The EU Than Brexit Is
    by Milton Ezrati, https://www.forbes.com/
    … Pity European Union leadership. Today it faces not only Brexit but also a different sort of faceoff with Italy. The latter may well present a greater threat to EU cohesion than the former.

    Ostensibly, the battle between Brussels and Rome revolves around the Italian government’s 2019 budget. The still new coalition government in Rome wants to increase Italian government spending 2.7% to accommodate two campaign promises, one made by each of its two members: The left-leaning and populist Five-Star Movement (M5S), led by Luigi Di Maio, promised a kind of universal basic income for the poor. The pro-business and nationalist-leaning League, led by Matteo Salvini, promised tax cuts. While these incongruous policy directions speak to the strange nature of this coalition, it is not the policy mix to which the European Commission objects. Instead, it claims to have rejected the Italian budget on the basis of how it calculates projected deficits. It will, Brussels insists, violate EU rules forbidding any member state from running deficits in excess of 3.0% of its gross domestic product (GDP). Rome has countered with estimates that the deficit for 2019 will come to only 2.4% of Italy’s GDP. Brussels contends, however, that Rome has used much too optimistic growth assumptions.

    The reality of this dispute is more complex. On the Italian side, the budget carries a powerful political-economics message. Not only do the parts of the coalition want to deliver on their campaign promises, but they also can see a need in the Italian economy for something other than the budget austerity long dictated by Brussels. They blame past austerity for Italy’s high unemployment rate, verging on 10% of the workforce, and youth unemployment that exceeds 30%. They blame the austerity for the paucity of Italian capital investment and the concomitant threat to productivity growth and the competitiveness of Italian industry. They point to recent months in which industrial production actually declined, albeit at a relatively contained 0.5% at an annual rate. More than this, the new government wants to demonstrate that it will not simply bow to Brussels’ demands as past Italian governments have. Salvini has referred to those previous governments as “puppets.” Di Maio summed up the EU rejection this way:  “This is the first Italian budget that the EU doesn’t like. I’m not surprised. It is the first Italian budget written in Rome and not Brussels.”

    read more.

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November 27, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , | Comments Off on Italy May Be A Bigger Test For The EU Than Brexit Is

Paving Way for Sanctions: EU Rejects Italy Budget

  • RT Published on Nov 21, 2018
    The European Union took the first step on Wednesday toward fining Italy after ruling that the country’s spending drive violates the bloc’s fiscal rules. #Brussels has rejected #Rome‘s #budget plan for 2019. READ MORE: https://on.rt.com/9j02

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November 22, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , | Comments Off on Paving Way for Sanctions: EU Rejects Italy Budget

France, Germany Vow to Push on with Plans to Curb National Sovereignty in Eurozone

  • France, Germany Vow to Push on with Plans to Curb National Sovereignty in Eurozone
    by Virginia Hale, https://www.breitbart.com/
    France and Germany have vowed to push forward with plans to curb national sovereignty on financial matters in the eurozone, with ministers from the 19 countries set to enter talks in the coming days on creating a common budget.

    Bruno Le Maire, the economy minister of France, said discussions were “moving in the right direction” to see a common eurozone budget, to help “promote greater convergence” across the currency bloc, in place by 2021.

    The former diplomat, whose résumé includes positions in the governorship of several international banks as well as membership of the George Soros-backed European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), hailed a “major political breakthrough” following a meeting with European ministers on Monday.

    “Everyone is aware of the necessity of reinforcing the eurozone,” Le Maire told reporters, asserting that “the lack of convergence between national economies is not sustainable over the long term for a single monetary union”.

    Speaking at a joint press conference alongside his German counterpart, Olaf Scholz, the French minister added: “One year ago we could not even use the word eurozone budget. And now, there is a Franco-German operational proposal. This is, to us, a major political breakthrough.”

    However the Franco-German proposals, which were presented at the meeting of all 27 EU finance ministers as a package of measures to stabilise the euro and strengthen the currency’s resilience against crises, met with some concern from other member states “including the Nordic and Baltic states as well as Austria and Finland”, according to a report in the Financial Times.

    The move would be a key step towards the “profound transformation” of the eurozone demanded by Emmanuel Macron and his domestic economy team, who have been “ramping up the pressure” to see its 19 members locked together irreversibly by further convergence fearing the rise of pro-sovereignty movements in Europe are a threat to plans for a federal EU superstate.

    The French president and his German counterpart Angela Merkel, who recently gave her enthusiastic backing for an EU army, appeared together at the weekend to hail an alliance in which the two leaders will push to kill nationalism in Europe and wrest more power from the governments of member states so as to hand them over to Brussels.

    read more.
https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/968888/angela-merkel-emmanuel-macron-eu-united-states-of-europe

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http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/12/18/merkelmacron-agree-eurozone-budget-finance-ministry-plans/

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https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/907849/Angela-Merkel-Emmanuel-Macron-Germany-France-European-Union-United-States-Europe

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http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/05/16/macron-sets-course-european-superstate-first-day-french-president/

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November 22, 2018 Posted by | GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on France, Germany Vow to Push on with Plans to Curb National Sovereignty in Eurozone

‘EU is LOST!’ Italy Clash Could Cause Second Euro CRISIS Warns EU Commission Candidate

  • ‘EU is LOST!’ Italy Clash Could Cause Second Euro CRISIS Warns EU Commission Candidate
    by ALESSANDRA SCOTTO DI SANTOLO, https://www.express.co.uk/
    GERMAN MEP Manfred Weber warned Italy’s controversial budget plans could cause a second big financial crisis in Greece and Spain unless the founder member state accepts to make a U-turn on its political direction.

    Speaking to France24, the EPP candidate for the European Commission Presidency after Jean-Claude Juncker said  should reconsider its position on its 2019 budget plan to safeguard the integrity of the eurozone. Mr Weber argued the Commission has already shown “a lot of flexibility” towards Italy and it was time the new eurosceptic Italian Government followed the bloc’s rules.

    Mr Weber warned Italy’s defiant position could be very costly to fellow member states Spain and Greece and cause another major financial crash. He said: “The Commission showed a lot of flexibility in the last years when there is an implementation of the rules we agreed on.

    “The rules are not received from heaven, they are decided by the members of the European Union, by the member states of the European Union. “They describe the conditions for our common currency and the idea is simply to stick to what you agreed a few years ago.

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November 21, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , , | Comments Off on ‘EU is LOST!’ Italy Clash Could Cause Second Euro CRISIS Warns EU Commission Candidate

EU WARNED: Italy Likely to DITCH Euro to Introduce OWN Currency, Financial Strategist Says

  • EU WARNED: Italy Likely to DITCH Euro to Introduce OWN Currency, Financial Strategist Says
    by AURORA BOSOTTI, https://www.express.co.uk/
    ITALY is “likely” to leave the European Union and the eurozone to launch “their own currency” if the eurosceptic Lega-M5S Government refuses to change its 2019 budget plans, strategist Mark Grant claimed.

    ‘s Government has refused to budge from their budget proposal for 2019 despite the  rejecting the plan. Brussels issued Rome with an ultimatum, warning the bloc is prepared to severely fine the member states if their demands are not met by the end of November. The ongoing war of words between the Italian Republic and Eurocrats has been fuelling forecast the country could soon abandon both the bloc and the eurozone. 

    Mr Grant insisted the “dire” conditions in which Italian banks are at the moment could soon trigger a withdrawal from the common currency in favour of a domestic option. Speaking to Bloomberg, the financial strategist said: “I think Europe is about to find itself in a great deal of difficulty depending on what they do to Italy.

    read more.

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November 19, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , , | Comments Off on EU WARNED: Italy Likely to DITCH Euro to Introduce OWN Currency, Financial Strategist Says

Potential Italy Exit Could Spell Disaster for EU?

  • Fox Business Published on Nov 15, 2018
    Harvard University Economics Professor Martin Feldstein on Brexit and the European Union.

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November 17, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , | Comments Off on Potential Italy Exit Could Spell Disaster for EU?

Italy ‘Will WIN’ Against EU: Economist Admits Budget Crisis Could UNRAVEL Eurozone

  • Italy ‘Will WIN’ Against EU: Economist Admits Budget Crisis Could UNRAVEL Eurozone
    by OLI SMITH, https://www.express.co.uk/ , 13 Nov 2018
    A LEADING economic analyst has predicted that Italy will triumph over the European Union, as the budget standoff between the two sides comes to a head tomorrow.

    There are mounting fears around the future of the EU, ahead of tomorrow’s Brussels-imposed deadline for Italy to submit a revised budget. The European Commission rejected Italy’s 2019 budget last month, claiming it violated a commitment to lower the country’s deficit. However, according to reports, Italy looks likely to submit a very similar budget, which could spark an unprecedented crisis for the EU.

    Leading economist Daniel Lacalle told CNBC’s Squawk Box that Italy will “win” in its battle with the EU – and this could doom the future of the bloc. Mr Lacalle said: “The Italian budget is a problem for the eurozone. It creates a contagion effect with other economies.

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November 14, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on Italy ‘Will WIN’ Against EU: Economist Admits Budget Crisis Could UNRAVEL Eurozone

‘Europe Was Built on a HUMILIATION’ Macron in Shock Warning EU is Being TORN APART

Daniel 7:7 – ” … behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns.”

Macron election victory speech hands up under eye of pyramid, Satanic capstone.

  • Will the western Illuminati pull the plug on EU, Eurozone this year? And reveal their 10 Horn Beast, United States of Europe?
  • ‘Europe Was Built on a HUMILIATION’ Macron in Shock Warning EU is Being TORN APART
    by ROMINA MCGUINNESS, https://www.express.co.uk/
    EMMANUEL Macron has issued a warning that the world is in a “dangerous” place and said “hawkish” nationalism would bring down the European Union.

    In a bombshell interview he young centrist called for the bloc to create its own army, stressing that European states should stop relying on the US for their defence. French President Macron said on Tuesday that the European Union was being torn apart by nationalists, adding that he hoped the French far-right would be crushed in next May’s European Parliament elections. Mr Macron told France’s Europe 1 radio: “Nationalism is on the rise everywhere in Europe. It calls for the closure of borders and for the rejection of the Other. Europe is being broken apart. Authoritarian regimes are re-emerging and are rearming themselves on the fringes of Europe.”

    He said, in reference to The Treaty of Versailles, a peace settlement signed after the First World War that left Germany in ruins and is widely believed to have led to the rise of the Nazi party and fascism: “Europe was built on a humiliation. [The Second World War] has taught us a lot about the absurdity of conflicts, about belligerent nationalism.

    read more.
http://www.voxeurop.eu/en/content/news-brief/2211991-10-countries-united-states-europe

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http://www.b92.net/eng/news/world.php?yyyy=2012&mm=06&dd=20&nav_id=80854

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https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/907849/Angela-Merkel-Emmanuel-Macron-Germany-France-European-Union-United-States-Europe

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https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/968888/angela-merkel-emmanuel-macron-eu-united-states-of-europe

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https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201712091059858841-united-states-of-europe-disobedient-countries/

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https://sputniknews.com/europe/201712071059799253-united-states-europe-schulz-germany/

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https://www.rt.com/news/412392-schulz-united-states-of-europe/

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https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/5093010/german-eurocrat-demands-eu-members-sign-up-to-united-states-of-europe-or-quit-bloc/

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https://twitter.com/ConMEPs/status/907957748427624448

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November 7, 2018 Posted by | EndTimes, GeoPolitics | , , , , , | Comments Off on ‘Europe Was Built on a HUMILIATION’ Macron in Shock Warning EU is Being TORN APART

Italy Vows to DEFY EU Threats Over Its Budget and Says It ‘Will Never Kneel Again’ as ‘Worried’ Euro Officials Prepare to Hit New Populist Government with Huge Fines for Defying Rules

  • Italy Vows to DEFY EU Threats Over Its Budget and Says It ‘Will Never Kneel Again’ as ‘Worried’ Euro Officials Prepare to Hit New Populist Government with Huge Fines for Defying Rules
    by CHRIS DYER FOR MAILONLINE and AFP and AP, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/
    * Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini said Italy ‘will not kneel’ to EU over budget
    * Proposing tax cuts and a minimum income for the unemployed to treble deficit
    * Italy warned by EU it faces unprecedented fines if radical budget is still passed
    * Country already owes 2.3 trillion euros which is around 131 per cent of its GDP
    * Italy’s jobless rate is more than ten per cent – way above the eurozone average

    Italy has threatened to defy the EU and press ahead with its anti-austerity budget which could lead to unprecedented fines. Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini said Italy ‘will never kneel again’ over plans to increase the country’s deficit to three times what it was under the previous government. The draft budget agreed last month, called for tax cuts and a minimum income for the unemployed. Both of these measures would increase Italy’s deficit at a time when Brussels is pressuring Rome to reduce its debt.

    read more.

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November 6, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , , | Comments Off on Italy Vows to DEFY EU Threats Over Its Budget and Says It ‘Will Never Kneel Again’ as ‘Worried’ Euro Officials Prepare to Hit New Populist Government with Huge Fines for Defying Rules

Ten EU Countries Call for Clear Debt-Restructuring Option in EU Rules

  • Ten EU Countries Call for Clear Debt-Restructuring Option in EU Rules
    by Jan Strupczewski, https://www.cnbc.com/world/
    BRUSSELS, Nov 2 (Reuters) – Ten European Union finance ministers want any unsustainable public debt in the euro zone to undergo restructuring, with losses imposed on the private sector, before a public bailout is organised, a joint position paper by the 10 ministers said.

    It comes amid growing concern that spending by Italy, the euro zone’s third-largest economy, could trigger another debt crisis. Italy’s proposed budget includes greater borrowing and spending despite its public debt, which amounts to 133 percent of gross domestic product.

    The paper was drafted for a meeting on Monday of all EU finance ministers except Britain’s, which will be devoted to changes to the euro zone bailout fund. It was signed by the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Sweden and Slovakia.

    Although it did not sign, Germany, the euro zone’s biggest economy, is of the same opinion and Austria is also sympathetic.

    The 19 countries that share the euro have a bailout fund, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), which is a lender of last resort to governments that have lost market access. Talks are under way among the 27 countries that will remain in the EU after Britain leaves next year to give the ESM more powers to monitor economies so it can provide a bailout at short notice when a crisis hits.

    But the 10 ministers also called for the ESM’s role in debt restructuring to be spelled out more clearly. The topic has been shunned by Italy in discussions at deputy minister level. “The current ESM treaty already recognises the possibility of private sector involvement in exceptional circumstances and an amendment of the treaty should be used to reaffirm this principle,” the paper of the ministers said. The ESM should verify the repayment capacity of the country before lending and restructure the debt if needed, it said.

    read more.

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November 5, 2018 Posted by | Economics | , , , , | Comments Off on Ten EU Countries Call for Clear Debt-Restructuring Option in EU Rules

‘We’ll KNEEL No Longer!’ Italy-EU Clash BOILS Over as Salvini Dismisses ‘THREAT’ Letter

  • ‘We’ll KNEEL No Longer!’ Italy-EU Clash BOILS Over as Salvini Dismisses ‘THREAT’ Letter
    by AURORA BOSOTTI, https://www.express.co.uk/
    ITALY Interior Minister Matteo Salvini hit back at the European Union for “threatening” the country to change its 2019 budget proposal, urging Italians to take to the streets to signal Rome “will kneel no longer.”

    The Italian Deputy Prime Minister dismissed calls from the EU for “clarifications” on ‘s new budget proposal.  lashed out at Brussels, calling on Italians to march down the streets on December 8 to signal their unity and support for their ministers’ economic policy. Addressing citizens with a live video on his Facebook page, the Lega leader said: “Mothers, fathers and children telling those Brussels misters ‘let us work, let us live’.

    “We have a right to work, a right to health, a right to education, a right to a pension. In Brussels they have nothing else to do but send us disapproving letters, threatening letters, telling us to change our budget plan, not to change our pension law. Telling us not to reduce taxation but to actually add more.”

    Mr Salvini once again reiterated the government will not give in to pressure from Brussels to change its budget proposal despite Economic Affairs Commissioner  rejecting it and giving the  and its coalition partners in the 5 Star Movement (M5S) three weeks to make changes. He continued: “No, the budget proposal coming to Parliament is a policy which allows Italy to grow and helps Italians. “Nothing and nobody, no big or small letter will make us backtrack. Italy will no longer be a slave and will no longer kneel down.”

    Earlier this week, the European Union threatened to sanction Rome with a hefty fine unless the budget changes are made but Italian economists have belittled the warning as a “little thing” compared to the economic boost Italy is expected to benefit thanks to the new economic policy.

    read more.

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November 2, 2018 Posted by | Economics, GeoPolitics | , , , , , , , | Comments Off on ‘We’ll KNEEL No Longer!’ Italy-EU Clash BOILS Over as Salvini Dismisses ‘THREAT’ Letter